'Energies' Article: "Review on the Safe Use of Ammonia Fuel Cells in the Maritime Industry".

'Energies' Article:

Piraeus, Greece, May 23, 2021. We are pleased to announce the publication of an article on the “Review on the Safe Use of Ammonia Fuel Cells in the Maritime Industry” in the scientific journal 'Energies'. It refers to our research in ShipFC H2020 Project. It was a pleasure for our Technical Director, George Livanos, working with Evangelos Boulougouris, Michail Cheliotis, PhD, Nicky Trivyza, Gerasimos Theotokatos from Maritime Safety Research Centre (MSRC) & University of Strathclyde, George Mantalos from Star Bulk; Athanasios Stubos, Emmanuel Stamatakis and Alexandros Venetsanos from National Center for Scientific Research "Demokritos".


In April 2018, the International Maritime Organisation adopted an ambitious plan to contribute to the global efforts to reduce the Greenhouse Gas emissions, as set by the Paris Agreement, by targeting a 50% reduction in shipping’s Green House Gas emissions by 2050, benchmarked to 2008 levels. To meet these challenging goals, the maritime industry must introduce environmentally friendly fuels with negligible, or low SOX, NOX and CO2 emissions. Ammonia use in maritime applications is considered promising, due to its high energy density, low flammability, easy storage and low production cost. Moreover, ammonia can be used as fuel in a variety of propulsors such as fuel cells and can be produced from renewable sources. As a result, ammonia can be used as a versatile marine fuel, exploiting the existing infrastructure, and having zero SOX and CO2 emissions. However, there are several challenges to overcome for ammonia to become a compelling fuel towards the decarbonisation of shipping. Such factors include the selection of the appropriate ammonia-fuelled power generator, the selection of the appropriate system safety assessment tool, and mitigating measures to address the hazards of ammonia. This paper discusses the state-of-the-art of ammonia fuelled fuel cells for marine applications and presents their potential, and challenges. View Full-Text

About the ShipFC Project

The ShipFC project will demonstrate that long-range zero-emission voyages with high power on larger ships is possible. The project will see an offshore vessel, Viking Energy, which is owned and operated by Eidesvik and on contract to energy major Equinor, have a large 2MW ammonia fuel cell retrofitted, allowing it to sail solely on the clean fuel for up to 3,000 hours annually. The ammonia used in the energy system will be produced by electrolysis. Ammonia is an abundant energy source and can easily be made from renewable resources making it one of the fuels that will likely meet part of shipping’s future energy demand. For more details click here.

About Energies

Energies is a peer-reviewed, open access journal of related scientific research, technology development, engineering, and the studies in policy and management and is published semimonthly online by MDPI. The European Biomass Industry Association (EUBIA)Polish Society of Applied Electromagnetics (PTZE)Association of European Renewable Energy Research Centres (EUREC), and Institute for Chemical Processing of Coal (IChPW) are affiliated with Energies.
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